Video cameras offer so many benefits if it is used for the right purpose. There are different types of video cameras, and they all have their purposes. In this review, we’d look at the various types of video cameras. Read through this guide to find out the types of video cameras.
What Is A Video Camera?
The video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition (as opposed to a movie camera, which records images on film), initially developed for the television industry but now common in other applications as well.
Video cameras are used primarily in two modes. The first, characteristic of much early broadcasting, is live television, where the camera feeds real-time images directly to a screen for immediate observation. A few cameras still serve live television production, but most live connections are for security, military/tactical, and industrial operations where surreptitious or remote viewing is required.
In the second mode, the images are recorded to a storage device for archiving or further processing; for many years, videotape was the primary format used for this purpose, but was gradually supplanted by optical disc, hard disk, and then flash memory.
Recorded video is used in television production, and more often surveillance and monitoring tasks in which unattended recording of a situation is required for later analysis.
Sony was also the first to release an all-digital camcorder with its D1 camera in 1986. The D1 footage was uncompressed, however, which meant it was constrained in the amount of video it could actually record onto a solitary tape.
In 1993, Ampex released the first compressed digital video camera called the DCT, which allowed hours of video recording to be done on one tape. This innovation resulted in a slew of products and development by Sony, Panasonic, and others. The cameras were getting smaller but the quality and resolution were improving due to the compression techniques.
Essential Features for Your Digital Video Camera
Whether you’ve already assembled a wish list of dream equipment, or you have no idea of what you need, it’s hard to know which camera features you’ll really use and which are just window dressing. Let me give you some clues for shopping. Make sure that whatever you buy includes at least the following features:
- Inputs for external microphones and outputs for headphones
- Large, clear LCD viewfinder that lets you see what you’re doing
- A charge-coupled device (CCD) or CMOS sensor—get the biggest image sensors that you can afford
- Zoom lens
- Manual white balance, focus, and exposure controls
- Option to output video at a lower resolution
- Standard outputs, including FireWire (i.LINK on Sony), USB, HDMI components
- Compatibility with standard accessories, LANC input, tripod screw
- Internal hard drive space and card slots for flash memory
- Rechargeable battery with at least two hours of shooting time
Good Sound Is Crucial
Here’s the most important thing you need to know about choosing a camera for video podcasting: Good sound is really, really important. Viewers will put up with a few hiccups and glitches in your video, but if they can’t hear you, they’re gone.
All consumer video cameras have built-in microphones. Some sound okay. Unfortunately, the physics of sound means that with a built-in microphone (mic for short) you’ll always get noise that you don’t want along with the sound you do want.
Instead, capture your viewers’ attention with better sound from an external microphone. And look for a headphone jack, so you can monitor that sound yourself.
So many consumer video cameras are available that choosing one can be overwhelming. Looking for microphone input and a headphone jack narrows the field because most low-end and pocket cameras don’t have these features.
- Consider the type, size, weight, controls, and features:
In the store, try different camcorders to make sure they fit your hand and are comfortable to use. Most are designed so that the most frequently used controls—the switch to zoom in and out, the record button, and the button for still photos—are readily at hand.
Make sure that the controls are convenient and that you can change recording media and remove the battery without any trouble. More models are also including WiFi features. So check for this if it’s important to you.
- Check the LCD.
Most measure about 3 inches on the diagonal, but some are larger. However, few action cams have any type of display. Some displays on full-sized models suffer from too much glare, making them difficult to use outdoors in the bright sun.
Check the display in the store to make sure you’re satisfied with the usability of any model you’re considering. But note that most LCDs look fine indoors. In full, midday sunlight, viewing performance will vary greatly from model to model.
- Think about lighting.
You won’t always be shooting in bright light. Using the default mode, we found that models varied in quality when shooting in dim light. Most full-sized HD camcorders captured at least good-quality video in low light, but some had excellent quality. Note that many camcorders have settings that can improve performance but can be a challenge to use.
- Consider audio quality.
We look at how accurately the built-in microphone records and whether the sound file is free from noise or hiss. Action cams often lack decent audio quality. A few advanced models include a jack for using an external microphone, which can improve sound quality.
- Decide which recording format suits you best.
The recording format you choose determines not only how much you’ll be spending on memory media (most often, a memory card) but also how much recording time you’ll get. Most models offer a few recording formats and several resolution options. But there’s generally a trade-off: Better-quality formats and higher resolution settings give you shorter recording times.
Types Of Video Cameras
- DSLR Video Cameras
DSLR Video cameras are one of the most common types of video cameras available out there. The best part of them is that they can click amazing pictures along with great videos. And there are almost every YouTuber is using DSLRs to shoot their videos.
DSLR stands for Digital Single Lens Reflex Camera. Inside the body of the camera, there is a mirror that reflects the light coming from the lens. Also, when you hit the shutter, the image gets flipped up and the light coming out from the lens shot by an image sensor, and this is how a photograph is made. Also, for video, the image sensor starts recording it instead of clicking a shot.
The camera also supports the various size of the lens. As a result, you get to click or shoot different types of videos or images. Overall, DSLR cameras are the most popular types of cameras, and they are pretty affordable too.
Can shoot videos and images in high quality.
Comes with affordable pricing.
Bigger in size.
- Mirrorless Video Camera
Mirrorless Video Camera is a bit different from the DSLR cameras. However, they are quite similar in many ways. They look the same. However, as the name of the camera suggests, mirrorless. Hence, there is no mirror in the camera that we get to see in a DSLR. In a mirrorless camera, the image sensor is exposed to the light always and offers you a digital preview of your image on the LCS screen.
Both DSLR and Mirrorless cameras are pretty powerful. However, by eliminating the mirror, the camera manufacturers can simply compact the size of the camera. As a result, mirrorless cameras are much smaller. And they are a pretty good option for casual photographers. Even there are quite a lot of professionals who like to use Mirrorless cameras.
Can shoot 4K videos.
Produces better quality images than DSLR.
Battery backup sucks.
- Point-and-Shoot Video Camera
Point-and-Shoot Video Cameras are one of the most common types of cameras that we all have seen. They are small in size and do not offer us many functionalities. Like you cannot change lenses. Also, they do come with autofocus and a built-in flash component.
This kind of camera is used by non-professional users. As there is nothing complicated in it. Plus, it is extremely easy to use. This kind of camera became popular in the late 1980s, and they fall into the best-selling camera type list.
However, the drawback of this kind of camera is that you do not really have control over the exposure of your shot or do anything. Because point-and-shoot cameras do not allow you to play with the settings. Hence, professional photographers do not really prefer them.
Easy to shoot.
Can shoot videos and click images.
Not for professionals.
You can’t select aperture or other settings.
- Sports and Action Video Cameras
Action cameras are far better compared to any other cameras out there. The thing about them is that they come with quite a lot of accessories. As a result, you can attach an action camera to your helmet, bike, or anywhere. They are small in size and made out of durable materials.
They come with a single lens that is capable of shooting in high definition from a wide-angle perspective. Also, some of the cameras are capable of shooting in 4K. This kind of camera is mostly used by travelers or at sports events when you need to capture shots from a bike, car, or anything.
Also, the best part is that they are pretty inexpensive compared to other types of cameras available in the market.
Lots of accessories available.
Easy to use.
Can shoot in 4K.
Not so responsive.
- Digital Camcorder
Digital Camcorders are made for shooting videos only. They are capable of shooting videos in formats like Digital8, MiniDV, DVD, a hard drive, or solid-state flash memory. Even in some models, digital camcorders can also shoot still images. However, the image quality might not be as good as the digital camera. Even digital camcorders are pretty old in today’s time
A digital camcorder usually comes with a lens, image sensor, and storage media. Along with that, there are quite a lot of features that you get to see.
Best for shooting videos at your home.
Easy to use.
Uses old technology.
Cant click still images.
- Professional-Grade Cameras
In the end, there are the Professional-Grade Cameras. As you can see in the name, they are made for professional users. Professional-grade cameras are powerful enough to produce high-quality video, and it is mostly used by the filmmakers. As the need to shoot high-quality videos.
They are also very reliable and comes with a robust body, which makes them long-lasting. Even these cameras are pretty expensive compared to any other cameras. Even they are highly customizable and come with no plastic parts.
Shoot videos professionally.
Made of robust quality products.
Now the question is which one is the best type among all these video cameras?
The answer to this question would be it depends on your needs. For example, if you are planning to shoot YouTube videos and click high-quality images, a DSLR or Mirrorless Camera would work for you. Also, if you are a traveler or do a lot of sporty activities, getting an action camera would be the best idea. Plus, in case if you want to shoot movies, a DSLR or professional-grade would be a great choice.